This, of course, is the grouping for epilepsies which do not fit the classification schema.
(link not working) Febrile fits
A febrile fit is a fit, associated with fever, but without a defined cause. A small percentage of children who have had a febrile fit may have epilepsy. Significant risk factors are:
Children who suffer a febrile fit generally enjoy normal health after the episode. They are, however, at some risk in several respects. 30 to 40% of children who have a febrile fit and who do not receive prophylactic therapy will experience a second fit.
Risk factors for subsequent epilepsy
Epilepsy with continuous spike and waves in slow wave sleep (ESES)
(link not working) Landau Kleffner syndrome
Landau Kleffner Syndrome is a rare form of childhood epilepsy which results in a severe language disorder. All children with LKS have abnormal electrical activity in one, sometimes both temporal lobes, the area of the brain responsible among other functions for processing language.
The language disorder in most children affects comprehension or understanding. Many LKS children become unable to understand their own name. They are also likely to have difficulty recognising environmental sounds such as the telephone ringing. These children may appear to be deaf. Expressive language - the ability to speak is often seriously affected; some children lose their speech completely. Rarely, a child may be able to understand language, but have difficulty with speaking.
Behavioural problems are common, especially hyper-activity, poor attention, depression and irritability. Some children have episodes of very abnormal "autistic type behaviour" with symptoms such as avoidance of contact with family and friends (avoidance of eye contact is common) extreme pickiness over food, very disturbed sleep, attacks of rage and aggression, insensitivity to pain, bizarre and inappropriate and repetitive play.
There may be temporary other neurological problems such as loss of bladder and bowel control, episodes of visual disturbances may occur, the child can see but does not understand what he sees. He may have difficulty recognising family and friends or common objects, such as food and clothes.
Rasmussen's syndrome is a progressive central nervous system disorder, characterised by seizures, hemiparesis (paralysis on one side), inflammation of the brain, and mental deterioration. This disorder occurs almost exclusively in children under the age of 10. Since this disease was first given its name in 1958, the number of cases recorded in medical literature is small. The cause is unknown, although it is thought to result from an unidentified viral infection.
Epilepsy and inborn errors in metabolism
return to Types of epilepsy
(checked: 15 November 2002)
(update 2.1: 25 July 2002)
(issue 2: 24 March 1998)